History of Vijayawada

Vijayawada, or formerly known as Bezwada, has a rich legacy of history and mythological tales attached to it. The city of Bezwada finds mentions in the Stone Age relics found on the banks of Krishna River. The city has been a part of major dynasties and hence has witnessed dynamic changes and artistic evolutions over the past.

History of Vijayawada

Mystery behind the name - Vijayawada

The most enticing story about Vijayawada is the origin of the name. In certain inscriptions, the name of VIjayavata is also prevalent. One of the legendary stories expounds that Arjuna, the warrior hero from the epic Mahabharata, prayed atop the Indrakiladri Hills, bordering Vijayawada, and was blessed by Lord Shiva and secured Pasupathastra from him. Another story which is worth mentioning is that of Goddess Durga, who after killing a demon rested here; as she was victorious (Vijaya)  in her endeavor, the place of her rest came to be known as Bezwada, and later as Vijayawada. Yet another tale is one with Arjuna and Goddess Krishnaveni, who requested Arjuna to make her a way to pass through the mountains and merge into the Bay of Bengal. Hence Arjuna paved a hole (Bejjam) for her through the hills which was known as Bejjamwada and later transformed to Bezwada.

Early Days of Vijayawada

Apart from the folklore, Vijayawada has been the seat of evolution of Buddhism and Hinduism. In 260 B.C. King Asoka had conquered the Kalinga Empire with Vijayawada being a part of it. In the year 208 A.D., King Chandra Sri Satakarni was the king ruling over Vijayawada. In the 5th and 6th Century, Vijayawada was a major center of Vishnukudin rulers. Mogalarajapuram caves were built in this area during their rule.

Chalukyas Rule in Vijayawada

Vijayawada was a major center of development and dynamism under the rule of Badami Chalukyas. The Undavalli Caves were built in the 7th Century A.D. which is again a major tourist attraction of Vijayawada.  Vijayawada was made the headquarters under the rule of the Eastern Chalukyas. The city flourished under the rule of the Great King Krishna Deva Raya. Vijayawada was visited by the Chinese traveler Xuanzang (Hsuan-tsang) in 639 A.D. and the city due to the major Buddhist influences evident in Vijayawada.

Era of Industrialization in Vijayawada

The first factory built in the city by the British East India Company in the 17th Century under the name Bezawadaapatam. In 1689, the forces of the Mughal king, Aurangzeb, occupied the factory. Finally a Dutch colony was established in the city by about 1735. As a matter of fact, the developmental phase of Vijayawada owes itself to the English occupation which also resulted in the extensive railway network Vijayawada enjoys today. The city finally turned into a British colony by 1765.  In a span of 100 years from then, the city turned into Bezwada Municipality which was the origin of the current Vijayawada Municipal Corporation. The first rail line through Vijayawada between Chennai to Kolkata, passing through Bezawadaapatam, started operating in 1904.
Vijaywada History

Vijayawada-The Industrial Hub of South India

1930s was the period when Bezwada experienced explosive growth trajectory. It got its first private four vehicle registration in the 1935. Furthermore the first air taxi, owned by a German national, started operating from Bezwada in 1930s. The Vijayawada Port was established in this decade. And finally the first bank in the area, Imperial Bank, became operational in 1930s. By the time India achieved Independence, Vijayawada was a major commercial area in South India. In the year 1949, Scindia Shipyard became operational which later was re-named as Hindustan Shipyard. The construction of Prakasham Barrage was completed in 1959.


5761
  • SHARE THIS
  • TWEET THIS
  • SHARE THIS
  • COMMENT
  • LOVE THIS 0
  • E-mail

Comments / Discussion Board - History of Vijayawada

Loader
  • S
    Sai Sumanth Moode from Vijayawada 1005 Days ago

    Vijayawada is known as Bezawada.

    0 0
    Report Abuse
    Reply
  • M
    Maruthi from Chennai 1463 Days ago

    Bezawada Modern day Viajayawada was ruled by Parchchedi Dynasty of Vishnukundin lineage PARICHCHEDIS Vashishta is their Gothram Gothra వశిష్ట గోత్రమునకు 2 ఋషి ప్రవరలున్నవి అవి ఏమనగా • శ్రీ మద్వశిష్ట ఏకార్షేయ ప్రవరాన్విత వశిష్ట గోత్ర • శ్రీమధ్వశిష్టేంద్ర ప్రవదా భరద్వసు త్రయార్షేయ ప్రవరాన్విత వశిష్ట గోత్ర రాజప్రవర రఘులవ గుహిల మహారాజ ప్రవరాన్విత పరిచ్చేది శ్రీ దేవవర్మ మహారాజ వంశ Vijayawada history reveals that Bezawada Vijayawada was ruled by King Madhava Varma Ancestor of Pusapatis of Vizianagaram source wikipedia LINK http en wikipedia org wiki Vijayawada PARICHCHEDI DYNASTY The Maha Parichchedis belonging to Vashishta gotra mentioned as one of the four important sects among Rachavaru Andhra Kshatriyas even to this day page 187 History of Andhra Country 1000AD 1500AD by Yashoda Devi Book published by Gyan Publishing House · No 45 A R No 491 of 1906 Pulivendla Pulivendla Taluk Cuddapah District On a slab set up at the entrance of the Ranganathasvamin temple Krishnaraya AD 1509 This is dated Saka 1431 Sukla Kartika su 12 Monday corresponding to AD 1509 24 October which was however Wednesday and not Monday It records a gift of the village Kunddal Kundu to the god Sri Ranga Raju of Pulivindla by Narasayya Deva Maharaju brother of Basava Raju son of Tamma Raju grandson of Valla Bharaya and great grandson of Bejawada Madhava Varma of Vasishtha gotra and Surya vamsa The gift village is said to be situated in Pulivindalasthala a subdivision of Mulkinadu in Gandhi Kotasima of Udayagiri Rajya INSCRIPTION No 45 A R No 491 of 1906 Vizianagaram Poosapati Pusapati Rulers are direct descendants of the King Madhava Varma Peddapuram East Godavari Vatsavayi Kings Gudimetta Chagi Saagi rulers Kota Ramachandrapuram Near Kakinada Kakarlapudi Zamindars Thettu Nellore district Vejendla Vezella Zamindars Anakaplle Vizag Saagi Sagi rulers Payakarao was their title belong to this clan only FREEDOM FIGHTER ALLURI SEETHARAMA RAJU belonged to this Clan gothra

    1 1
    Report Abuse
    Reply
    v
    vijayawadaonline.in Expertfrom 1458 Days ago

    Thanks for giving us vital information.

    0 0
    Report Abuse
    Reply
    M
    Maruthifrom Chennai 1177 Days ago

    INFORMATION / SOME REFERENCES on VIJAYAWADA PARICHCHEDIS ( ' Vashishta' is their Gothram/ Gothra ) : రాజప్రవర : రఘులవగుహిలమహారాజప్రవరాన్వితపరిచ్చేదిశ్రీదేవవర్మమహారాజవంశ: " Vijayawada history reveals that Bezawada (Vijayawada) was ruled by King Madhava Varma (Ancestor of Pusapatis of Vizianagaram)". source : wikipedia LINK : wiki/ Vijayawada PARICHCHEDI DYNASTY "The Maha Parichchedis belonging to Vashishta gotra mentioned as one of the four important sects among Rachavaru Andhra Kshatriyas even to this day" page 187 'History of Andhra Country' 1000AD 1500AD by Yashoda Devi. Book published by Gyan Publishing House. · No. 45. (A.R. No. 491 of 1906.) Pulivendla, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District. On a slab set up at the entrance of the Ranganathasvamin temple. Krishnaraya, AD 1509. This is dated Saka 1431, Sukla, Kartika su. 12, Monday, corresponding to AD 1509, 24 October, which was, however, Wednesday and not Monday. It records a gift of the village Kunddal Kundu to the god Sri Ranga Raju of Pulivindla by Narasayya Deva Maharaju, brother of Basava Raju, son of Tamma Raju, grandson of Valla Bharaya and great grandson of Bejawada Madhava Varma of Vasishtha gotra and Surya vamsa. The gift village is said to be situated in Pulivindalasthala, a subdivision of Mulkinadu in Gandhi Kotasima of Udayagiri Rajya. INCRIPTION No. 45 ( A.R.No.491 of 1906) Vizianagaram 'Poosapati ( Pusapati)' Rulers are direct descendants of the King Madhava Varma. Peddapuram ( East Godavari) 'Vatsavayi' Kings, Gudimetta ' Chagi ( Saagi) ' rulers,Kota Ramachandrapuram (Near Kakinada) 'Kakarlapudi' Zamindars,Thettu ( Nellore district) 'Vejendla ( Vezella)' Zamindars , Anakaplle (Vizag) Saagi/ Sagi rulers ( Payakarao was their title)belong to this clan only. FREEDOM FIGHTER ALLURI SEETHARAMA RAJU also belonged to this Clan/gothra. Normal 0 false false false EN US X NONE X NONE 0 0

    Report Abuse
    Reply